Pregnancy: How to Have a Healthy Pregnancy

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If you’ve decided to continue your pregnancy, it’s very important to make healthy choices.

  • Make an appointment with your health care provider and begin prenatal care early.
  • Make sure you don’t drink alcohol or take drugs. If you smoke, quit right away.
  • Talk with your health care provider (HCP) about what medicines are safe to take during your pregnancy. Be honest and tell your HCP if you have used or abused drugs in the past or present. Be sure to tell your HCP about ANY medication you take – including herbs, over-the-counter medicine, medicine for acne, and recreational drugs. Certain drugs can cause birth defects.
  • Take the prenatal vitamins that your HCP has prescribed. Ask about also taking a vitamin D supplement.
  • Talk to your guidance counselor at school about your pregnancy, and find out about ways you can attend classes and finish your education. Many schools have special programs for teen parents.
  • Eat nutritious food. Teens need extra calories. While you are pregnant, you’ll need more calories from nutritious food to keep you and your baby strong and healthy. Your baby depends on you for food and water. Ask your HCP if you can meet with a dietitian (a person who is trained to give advice on how to eat a healthy diet).
  • Stay active and keep moving. Unless your HCP has told you otherwise, you can participate in activities such as walking, running, swimming, dancing, etc. Exercise will keep your body strong and flexible, but avoid risky physical activities such as contact sports, downhill skiing, and amusement park rides.
  • Drink plenty of fluids– Getting enough fluids is important for hydration. For your calcium needs, drink 3-4 cups of milk or calcium fortified soy beverage. Also, drink plenty of water, herbal tea or other nonalcoholic drinks until your urine is clear to pale yellow.
  • Brush your teeth and floss after meals and take care of your gums every day.
  • Rest whenever you can. Pregnancy takes a lot of energy! There will be times when you feel tired. Resting will help.
  • Continue to use condoms while having sex during the pregnancy. Using condoms will help protect you from STIs that can be harmful to both you and your baby.
  • Keep a journal or blog of your pregnancy; reflect on your thoughts and feelings.
  • Stay away from chemicals that could be harmful to you or your baby, such as certain strong cleaning products, paint, hair dyes, and chemicals that straighten or perm hair. It’s a good idea to think about a low-maintenance hair style during your pregnancy that doesn’t involve the use of hair chemicals.
  • Learn the early signs of labor so you know what to expect.
  • Take a parenting class. Ask your HCP about teen parenting classes. You may want to check your school or local YWCA or YMCA for classes. Being proactive and learning about how to take care of your baby before it’s born will help you feel more in control and confident about being a good parent.
  • Find out about resources such as WIC (Women, Infants and Children Programs), Healthy Start, options for completing your high school or college degree, and childcare options.
  • Stay positive. You’ll need to surround yourself with people who love and care about you. You’re going to need help during your pregnancy and when your baby is born. Try to limit your stress so you can be healthy mentally as well as physically