Myth: Everyone with an eating disorder is underweight.
Truth: Although most people with clinically-diagnosed anorexia are underweight, or have lost a significant amount of weight, people suffering from bulimia, binge eating disorder, and OSFED can be at a normal weight, or even overweight. Also, people with eating disorders usually try and hide their bodies by wearing baggy clothes, or dressing differently.
Myth: Eating disorders are just an extreme form of dieting.
Truth: Unlike dieting, eating disorders aren’t just about losing weight. Eating disorders are psychological problems that may be used as a coping mechanism for things such as trauma, loss of control, or abusive relationships.
Myth: Only girls and women have eating disorders.
Truth: Eating disorders affect males as well. According to the National Eating Disorder Association, up to 1 in 4 anorexia diagnoses in teens are male. Similar to with women, men can be influenced by playing sports with weight restrictions such as gymnastics, swimming, rowing, wrestling, and track. Studies have shown that about the same amount of men suffer from binge eating disorder as women. Men with eating disorders might be focused on gaining muscle mass, so it might appear that they are simply “getting in shape.”
Myth: People choose to have an eating disorder.
Truth: No one chooses to have an eating disorder. There is a combination of things that can start an eating disorder, and recovery involves a lot of time and support from family, friends, and eating disorder specialists such as a therapist, nutritionist, and medical provider.
Myth: People with anorexia don’t eat anything.
Truth: Although some people with anorexia eat very small quantities, some just restrict the types of foods or amounts that they allow themselves to eat. For example, they may only eat foods that are low in fat or in calories or foods that don’t have carbs in them.
Myth: The media is the cause for all eating disorders.
Truth: The media’s constant focus on dieting, losing weight, and being thin can definitely contribute to an unhealthy obsession with food and weight, but whether or not someone develops an eating disorder has a lot to do with other factors, too.
Myth: Someone can only have one type of eating disorder.
Truth: People with one type of eating disorder can develop symptoms of another eating disorder over time. For example, some people who restrict their food intake may go on to develop binging and/or purging behaviors.
Myth: It’s almost impossible to recover from an eating disorder.
Truth: Complete recovery is possible, but it can take a long time. Recovery can take anywhere from months to years because it requires someone to change the way they think and act about food, deal with stress, trauma, abuse, and/or other psychological problems. It also takes a team of specialists to address all the issues that led to the eating disorder. Recovery can rarely be done without professional help.
Myth: Only white, upper-class teens suffer from eating disorders.
Truth: Eating disorders affect all races, ages, and socioeconomic groups.
Myth: Eating disorders aren’t very serious.
Truth: Eating disorders are serious psychological conditions and can lead to very serious medical problems. Most of these medical problems are a result of malnutrition (not getting enough nutrients) or weight-loss techniques such as vomiting. There can also be medical consequences as a result of self-harm. Eating disorders must be taken seriously and require treatment before they become too severe.
Myth: Eating disorders are rare.
Truth: One research study showed that 0.3% of US teenagers between the ages of 13-18 suffer from anorexia, 0.9% from bulimia and 1.6% from binge eating disorder (Swanson et al. 2011). An even higher percentage of teens use unhealthy weight control strategies such as an extreme dieting and fasting.
Myth: You can never exercise too much.
Truth: It is possible to over-exercise and it can actually be very dangerous. Over-exercising or “compulsive exercising” is actually a form of purging. Compulsive exercisers will make exercise their top priority, feel guilty when they don’t exercise, use exercise as a way to either “earn” or “burn off” food and exercise an obsessive amount.
Myth: You can never eat too healthy.
Truth: When someone becomes obsessed with only eating foods they think are “pure” or “natural,” and limits their food intake to a very narrow selection of “healthy” foods, it can lead to what is called, “orthorexia” and may be considered a form of OSFED. People with orthorexia often will avoid eating “unhealthy” foods such as those with fats, preservatives, artificial ingredients, and/or processed sugar. By severely limiting the types of foods they eat they can’t get essential nutrients such as calcium and fats, which can lead to malnutrition. Some people feel that eating less of everything is healthy eating. This is just not true for everyone.