- The vaginal ring is an effective method of birth control.
- The ring is also used to treat irregular periods, menstrual cramps, or endometriosis.
- The ring releases hormones to stop the ovaries from making eggs.
- The ring is left in the vagina for 3 weeks at a time.
The vaginal ring is a method of birth control that provides both estrogen and progestin hormones. You need a prescription from your health care provider. The vaginal ring is also used to treat conditions such as irregular periods, menstrual cramps, or endometriosis.
|Out of 100 women using the vaginal hormonal ring|
|Typical use: 7 women will become pregnant|
|Perfect use: 1 or less women become pregnant|
What is the vaginal hormonal “ring”?
The vaginal hormonal ring is a method of birth control that contains estrogen and progestin, the same hormones that are in combination birth control pills. The vaginal hormonal ring is inserted into the vagina similar to a tampon. Once in place, the ring is left in the vagina for 3 weeks at a time. The vaginal ring is also used to treat conditions such as irregular periods, menstrual cramps, and endometriosis.
There are two types of hormonal rings available in the United States:
NuvaRing® (ethinyl estradiol and etonogestrel)
Annovera™ (segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol): for women who are between 18- 40 years old. The Federal Food and Drug administration approved this new vaginal ring in August 2018; however, it is not available to buy yet. One ring is used for a year. The ring is inserted and left in for 3 weeks, taken out for 1 week (washed and stored in a case) and then reinserted.
How does the vaginal hormonal ring work?
There are two different hormones called estrogen and progestin in the vaginal ring. When the vaginal ring is inserted in a woman’s vagina, the hormone medicines (in the ring) are absorbed through the vaginal wall and enters the bloodstream to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs. The hormones make the cervical mucus thicker, which helps to prevent sperm from traveling upwards towards the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Can teenagers use the vaginal hormonal ring?
Yes. The vaginal ring is easy to use and safe for most teens. The benefits include shorter, lighter, and less painful periods. Weight gain is uncommon and unlikely to be related to the ring. If you are thinking about using the “ring”, make sure to tell your health care provider if you have any medical problems such as blood clots, heart problems, high blood pressure, or severe migraine headaches with aura (such as flashing lights 5 to 30 minutes before the migraine).
Do I need a prescription for the vaginal hormona ring?
Yes. You do need a prescription from your health care provider (HCP) to buy either vaginal ring, but you DON’T need to be fitted for it. One size fits all. Talk to your HCP to see if you can use hormone methods such as the ring. Cigarette smoking increases your risk for heart problems. If you smoke, work with your HCP to quit.
Is the vaginal hormonal ring as effective as the pill in preventing pregnancy?
Yes, both vaginal hormonal rings are about as effective as the birth control pill when it is used correctly, every time a woman as sex. Some herbal medicines and antibiotics may lower the effectiveness of the vaginal hormonal ring.
Do I need to use condoms when I’m using the vaginal hormonal ring?
Yes. Both vaginal hormonal rings DO NOT prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so make sure you use condoms 100% of the time. The first cycle that you start using the ring, it may not be as effective in preventing pregnancy, so it’s especially important for you to use condoms the first 7 days.
How should I use the ring?
When you’ve had your questions answered and you have learned how to insert the ring, you’re ready to begin. Fill the prescription at your pharmacy. Like other hormonal methods, the ring can be used in a cyclic fashion with a week off or continuously with no time off between taking out one ring and putting in the next.
When should I begin using the vaginal hormonal ring for the first time?
You should begin using the ring by inserting it between Day 1 and Day 5 of your menstrual cycle. Day 1 of your cycle is the first day of your flow (bleeding). The ring should be inserted by cycle day 5 at the very latest, even if you still have your period. Your health care provider may also have you start using it right after your appointment (“quick start”) and use condoms for the first cycle.
Cyclic Use (3 weeks on, 1 week off): Once you insert the ring, you should leave it in place for 3 weeks in a row. After 3 full weeks, you will remove the ring for 1 week before you start your next cycle. You will most likely get your period during the “ring-free” week. This is the (7 day) break in between cycles when you are not using the ring. Your period will likely come 2-3 days after you take the ring out of your vagina.
The calendars show examples of a cyclic ring cycle.
Continuous Use: For continuous use instructions, see our guide on Continuous Hormonal Treatment and talk to your health care provider.
How do I insert the ring?
- Before you begin, wash and dry your hands.
- With clean hands, gently open the foil pouch that the ring comes in. Save the pouch so you can throw the used vaginal ring away in it later.
- Make sure you find a private place to insert your vaginal ring such as your room or the bathroom, so you’ll feel relaxed.
- You may want to lie down in bed with knees bent or squat down with knees bent or stand with one leg on a chair or toilet seat. (It’s similar to inserting a tampon.)
- Using one hand (right hand if you are right-handed, left if you are left-handed), hold the vaginal ring between your thumb and index finger. Hold the sides together so they are touching and the ring is folded.
- While holding the ring, gently insert the ring into your vagina as far as it will go. (If you don’t want to touch your vagina to put it in, you can use a cardboard tampon container with the tampon removed. Simply take out the tampon and place the ring inside the empty container. Insert the container with the ring inside and push the applicator to insert the ring.)
Will I feel the ring?
The exact position of the ring is not important for it to be effective but it should be comfortable. Most teens and women who use the vaginal ring do not feel it once it is in place. If you do feel it, gently push the ring a little further back into the vagina. The ring should not hurt or cause discomfort once it is inserted and placed correctly. If it feels uncomfortable, remove it, read the “How do I insert the ring?” directions again, and then try to insert it once more. If you still can’t insert the ring without discomfort, stop and contact your health care provider.
If I push the ring too far up inside my vagina, will it get lost?
No. The ring can’t get lost inside of your vagina. Your cervix, which is located at the end of your vagina, prevents the ring from traveling up into your uterus.
How long do I leave the ring inside my vagina?
Once in place, the ring should stay inside your vagina for 3 complete weeks unless you are having problems such as new migraine headaches or severe nausea (feeling like you want to throw up most of the time).
If you are using the NuvaRing® in a cyclic way, you will remove the ring after 3 complete weeks, and throw it away. Wait 1 full week before you insert a new ring.
If you are using the Annovera™ vaginal hormonal ring, you will remove the ring after 3 complete weeks, wash and dry it and store it in a case for 1 week. After one full week, you will reinsert the same ring. Repeat each month for up to one year.
Is it possible for the ring to fall out?
It’s possible but unlikely the ring will fall out. If the vaginal ring is inserted properly, the muscles inside your vagina hold the ring in place. The ring could possibly come out if it is not inserted high enough into your vagina, if you are very constipated, straining with a bowel movement, or it could slip out if you are removing a tampon.
What do I do if the ring slips out?
If the ring slips out of your vagina, it’s okay to gently rinse it under cold water (not hot water!) then re-insert the ring in your vagina as soon as possible. You must do this within 3 hours. If you wait longer than 3 hours or forget to put the ring back in your vagina, there’s a chance that the ring will not prevent pregnancy. Place the ring back in your vagina and use a “back up” method of contraception, such as condoms for 7 days.
Can I use tampons?
Yes. However, the ring may come out when the tampon is removed. Generally you will not have your period during the 3 weeks while you have the ring in place. You will probably have your period during the “ring-free week” and you won’t have to worry about using a tampon at that time. If you have spotting, use a pantyliner instead of a tampon. If the ring slips out, follow the above directions.
How do I take the vaginal hormonal ring out of my vagina?
Insert your index and middle finger of one of your hands into your vagina and gently feel for the ring. Once you feel the ring, hook your index finger around it and guide it out with your middle finger, pulling forward until the ring comes out. This should not hurt at all because the ring is thin and flexible.
Once I take the NuvaRing® out, do I just throw it away?
It may seem silly but how you throw the ring away is very important. This is because there may be some active medicine left on the ring. Once you have removed the NuvaRing®, place it in the foil pouch that it came in, seal the pouch, and then throw it away in the trash- away from young children and/or pets. If you forgot to save the pouch, either wrap the ring in a piece of aluminum foil or place it in a zip-lock plastic sandwich size bag. The ring is NOT flushable, so DO NOT flush it down the toilet.
Do I need to take the ring out on the same day of the week that I put it in?
Yes, you should remove either vaginal ring on the same day of the week that you started. For example, if you inserted the ring on Sunday at 9:00 pm, you will need to remove the ring 3 full weeks later on a Sunday at about the same time, at 9:00 pm.
What if I forget to take the ring out?
As soon as you remember, take the vaginal ring out and leave it out for 7 days. If you are using the NuvaRing®, wait 1 week before you insert a new ring. If you are using the Annovera™ ring, take it out. Leave it out for 7 days then reinsert the same vaginal ring.
If you are LESS than 48 hrs. late with inserting a new ring and you are sexually active:
- Insert the ring as soon as possible
- Keep the ring in until the scheduled ring removal day.
- Emergency contraception (EC) is not usually needed but can be considered depending on day of your cycle. Talk to your health care provider HCP to find out if you should have a pregnancy test or if EC is needed.
If you are MORE than 48 hrs. late with inserting a new ring and you are sexually active:
- Insert the new ring as soon as possible
- Keep the ring in until the scheduled ring removal day.
- Use back-up contraception (condoms) or avoid sexual intercourse until a ring has been worn for 7 straight days.
- Talk to your health care provider about whether you should take Emergency Contraception (EC). Let your HCP know the week of your menstrual cycle.
Can I have sex while I am wearing the ring and will my partner be able to tell?
Having intercourse is a personal decision. The ring is safe and should stay in the vagina during intercourse. Your partner should not be able to feel the ring. If the ring is a problem during intercourse, then the ring can be removed for up to three hours. It should then be rinsed with cold water and re-inserted into the vagina. A diaphragm (another form of birth control) is not meant to be used with the vaginal hormonal ring. Always use condoms when having sexual intercourse to lower your risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Are there any side effects with the ring?
Side effects are uncommon; but are similar to the side effects of oral contraceptive pill as it contains the same hormones (progestin and estrogen). Occasionally women report headaches, nausea, and breast tenderness and spotting. Other, less common side effects may include vaginal irritation.
Are there any reasons why I shouldn’t use the ring?
The ring contains the same medicine that is in birth control pills, the hormones estrogen and progestin, so it may not be safe for you to use if you have a history of certain medical problems such as blood clots, high blood pressure, or serious migraine headaches. It’s very important to tell your health care provider if you or other close family members have a history of any of these conditions. You should not use the ring if you are less than 42 days after the birth of your baby. Talk to your health care provider about breastfeeding. Cigarette smoking greatly increases your risk for serious cardiovascular conditions, while quitting smoking will make you healthier and using the ring safer.
For more information, visit nuvaring.com,
Parts of this guide were adapted from the patient handout, The First Contraceptive Vaginal Ring-NuvaRing. (Organon)